Qatar’s imports recovered only slightly in July after plunging in June, government data released on Thursday showed, suggesting the country’s economy is still suffering from sanctions imposed by other Gulf states.
Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain cut diplomatic and transport ties with Qatar on June 5, accusing Doha of supporting terrorism, which it denies.
The closure of the Saudi border with Qatar and disruption to shipping routes via the UAE slashed Qatar’s imports by 37.9 percent in June compared with May, forcing Doha to scramble to arrange new shipping routes and import some goods by air.
Thursday’s figures showed Qatar is still far from restoring its imports to normal. Imports recovered by only 6.3 percent month-on-month to 6.24 billion riyals ($1.71 billion) in July; they were 35.0 percent below their level in July 2016.
Much of the disruption appears to be to big-ticket items. Imports of aircraft parts were down 40.5 percent from a year ago at 292 million riyals in July. The diplomatic crisis has deprived Qatar Airways of two of its biggest markets, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
Incoming shipments of equipment and building materials for Qatar’s big infrastructure projects may also have slowed in some cases. Imports of gas turbines dropped 19.8 percent from a year ago to 328 million riyals.
Many dairy products and other perishable foods used to be imported across the Saudi border. Although there are no reports of food shortages in Qatar, disruption to imports appears to be pushing up food and drink prices, which rose 4.2 percent in July from June, data released last week showed.
Thursday’s trade figures suggested the sanctions are not affecting Qatar’s natural gas exports – July exports of petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons rose 7.8 percent from a year ago – and are no longer slowing other exports much.
As a result, Qatar’s trade surplus expanded 78.1 percent from a year earlier to 11.91 billion riyals in July, although it edged down 4.8 percent from the previous month.
Analysts think the sanctions damage should ease in coming months as new shipping routes develop. Qatar Navigation launched a direct Qatar-Turkey service this week after starting a container service to Kuwait last week; construction of a food processing and storage facility at Qatar’s Hamad Port received $440 million of bank financing this week.